Kuzuzanpo la. Before you travel to Bhutan , here are some facts about Bhutan that will enhance your experience when you travel to Bhutan.
Bhutan is the happiest country in Asia and the eighth in the world. A survey conducted in 2006, revealed that the reason for Bhutan being the happiest country in Asia is attributed to the fact that the Bhutanese people are contented at heart and at peace with nature. Bhutan’s beautiful mountain scenery, isolated culture and strong sense of national identity are reasons for the contentment of the people. Bhutan is also recognized worldwide as the land of GNH (Gross National Happiness). The philosophy of GNH became the national development model for Bhutan since the reign of the fourth king Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan, he first coined the term in the nineties. The former King’s greatest legacy was his concept of the ‘Gross National Happiness’ to measure the nation’s well-being as an alternative to the Gross National Product. The idea has inspired similar approaches in France and by David Cameron in Britain. Have you planned your trip yet ? Here are some more facts about Bhutan that you would definitely not like to miss.
In 2014, Bhutan received 133,480 international visitors. Seeking to become a high- value destination, it imposes a daily fee of US$250 on tourists that covers touring and hotel accommodations. The industry employs 21,000 people and accounts for 1.8% of GDP. Bhutan is recognized worldwide as an escape to heaven. There is a list of royalties who have visited Bhutan over the years. The recent visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William and Kate Middleton has put Bhutan in a list of the top holiday destination in the world. Bhutan is also most traveled holiday destination in the Hollywood industry with the visits of top actors such as Leonardo Dicaprio , Brad Pitt , Cameron Diaz, Demi Moore , Drew Berrymore and many others in the list.
Bhutan is located on the southern slopes of the eastern Himalayas, landlocked between two powers of the world, china in the north and India in the west and south. It lies between latitudes 26°N and 29°N, and longitudes 88°E and 93°E. Elevation rises from 200 meters in the southern foothills to more than 7,000 meters in the north. Its total area was reported as approximately 38,394 sq. km. Bhutan's outstanding range of biodiversity and ecosystems are accredited to great geographical diversity combined with equally diverse climate conditions. Bhutan's state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism . The population, as of 2015 estimated as 770 thousand people. 70 % of the total population follows Buddhism whereas the rest of the population follows Hinduism.
Bhutan has a rich biodiversity, with rare species such as the golden langur. A variant Assamese macaque has also been recorded, which is regarded by some authorities as a new species, Macaca munzala.
The Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, hispid hare and the sloth bear live in the lush tropical lowland and hardwood forests in the south. In the Temperate zone, Grey langur, Tiger, Goral and Serow are found in mixed conifer, Broadleaf and Pine forests. The alpine habitats of the great Himalayan range in the north are home to the Snow Leopard, Blue Sheep, Marmot, Tibetan Wolf, Antelope, Himalayan Musk deer and Takin, national animal of Bhutan. The endangered wild Bater Buffalo is spotted in southern Bhutan, although in small numbers. More than 770 species of bird have been recorded in Bhutan. The globally endangered white-winged duck, has been added recently to Bhutan's bird list, besides the famous black –necked crane.
More than 5,400 species of plants are found in Bhutan. Fungi is a key part of ecosystems in Bhutan, with mycorrhizal species providing forest trees with mineral nutrients necessary for growth, and with wood decay and litter decomposing species playing an important role in natural recycling.
The Eastern Himalayas have been identified as a global biodiversity hotspot and counted among the 234 globally outstanding eco regions of the world, in a comprehensive analysis of global biodiversity undertaken by WWF between 1995 and 1997.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Bhutan is viewed as a model for proactive conservation initiatives. Bhutan has received international acclaim for its commitment to the maintenance of its biodiversity. The Royal Government of Bhutan is committed to maintain at least 60% of the total land area under forest cover and to designate more than 40% of its territory as protected areas. Most recently Bhutan government has identified a further 9 % of land area as biodiversity corridors linking the protected areas. These biological corridors will help the animals to travel freely in the country avoiding human-wildlife conflict.
Bhutan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary form of government. The reigning monarch is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck. The current Prime Minister of Bhutan is Tshering Tobgay, the leader of the People's Democratic Party.
The king of Bhutan is the head of state. The political system grants universal suffrage. It consists of the National Council, an upper house with 25 elected members and the National Assembly with 47 elected lawmakers from political parties. In 2008, Bhutan made the transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and held its first general elections.
Bhutan has diplomatic relations with 52 countries and the European Union and has missions in India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Kuwait. Regionally Bhutan is a member of SAARC, SAFTA, BBIN, and BIMSTEC and also a member of 150 international organizations such as the UNO, WB, IMF and Group of 77. Bhutan hosted SAARC's sixteenth summit in April 2010.
In 2007, Bhutan had the second-fastest-growing economy in the world, with an annual economic growth rate of 22.4 percent. This was mainly due to the commissioning of the gigantic Tala Hydroelectric Power Station. As of 2012, Bhutan's per capita income was US$2,420. The country currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Sites, but it has eight declared tentative sites for UNESCO inclusion since 2012. Bhutan also has numerous tourist sites that are not included in its UNESCO tentative list. Bhutan has one element, the Mask dance of the drums from Drametse, registered in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List. These sites are not to be missed when you travel to Bhutan.
Bhutan is also known to the outside world as the “Land of the thunder Dragon” or the “last Shangri-La”. Bhutan was under isolation until the 1960s ...Read More
The estimated population of the country is 7, 50,000 with the growth rate of 3.1% per year. Bhutanese economy is agrarian and almost 65% of the total...Read More
Culture is strongly integrated into the lives of Bhutanese people and are directly associated with religion. Culture in Bhutan is displayed in attire...Read More
The type of forest found in Bhutan are Upland Hardwood Forest ,Lowland Hardwood Forest, and Tropical Lowland which are a collection...Read More
Bhutanese art is religiously inspired and is mainly influenced by Tibetan Buddhist art Bhutanese have practised it for centuries and developed...Read More
The state religion of Bhutan is Buddhism. Approximately 75% of the total populations in Bhutan are followers of Buddhism. Bhutan is...Read More
Bhutanese cuisine is mostly made out of meat items and more importantly chillies. Chillies are an essential part of nearly every dish and are considered...Read More
Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons...Read More
Until the beginning of 20th century, Bhutan was ruled by the dual system of administration known as "chhosi" system. The chhosi system was initiated...Read More
Bhutan small population of just 774794 and the economy of the country is also very small. However, the per capita income stands at 2611 USD. As of 2012...Read More
Bhutan is popular today, for being the happiest country in the planet. The concept of Gross happiness is much talked about in the country...Read More
Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west and south...Read More