Bhutan being a landlocked country, with a size of 38394 square km. it is surrounded by India in the East, West, and South. Towards the North, it borders to Tibet (China).
Bhutan has various types of vegetation, starting from the Indian plains to Tibetan Plateau. The northern parts of the country have High snow-capped mountains with lush green pine forest and meadows, fast flowing river fed by glaciers.
Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia, it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons that bring about 60% to 90% of the region's rainfall. The climate is humid and subtropical in the southern plains and foothills. In the inner Himalayan valleys of central regions, the climate is temperate and cold in the north, with year-round snow on the main Himalayan summits.
Bhutan has a wide range of climatic vegetation’s starting from tropical to sub-alpine. Towards the south, the temperatures are humid with heavy rainfall in the summer and moderate and pleasant in the winter season. Green vegetation to the southern foothills of Bhutan has all range of vegetation from tropical to alpine. Yellow hues of a patchy rice field on the terraced hills are the beauty of the country. South of Bhutan has a humid and warm climate fairly fixed all the way through the year with temperatures range between 15-30° Celsius. Central region cools a bit with deciduous and temperate forests with favorable cool summers and dry winters. In the top Himalayan slopes of the country, due to the Himalayan mountain, it is very cold throughout fall. Mountain peaks are perpetually covered in snow and lower parts are still cool in summer owing to the high altitude terrain.
The monsoon begins from June and it ends by mid-September in Bhutan. It rains heavily and humidity is high especially towards the southern region. The oceans of Bengal brings monsoon from the south to the Himalayan Mountains forming barriers lasting from mid-June until early September. According to the Bhutanese calendar, 23rd September is celebrated as the Blessed Rainy Day, celebrating the end of heavy showers and marks the beginning of autumn. The Temperature gradually falls in the autumn lasting until November. The yearly average of 1,000 millimeters of rainfall is common in the temperate central regions. An average of 7,800 millimeters per year has been registered at subtropical south locations ensuring the dense tropical forest and grassland. Bhutan's generally dry spring with beautiful blossoms starts in early March and lasts until mid-April. While the temperature difference of 15 to 25 degree Celsius. Spring season is always pleasant in the central parts of Bhutan but scorching in the southern region. This is a great time to check out for fresh flowers blooming everywhere. Peach and apple trees blooming in the valleys bring extra glory to the beauty of nature.
The heavier summer lasts from late June through almost end of September, in the southwest, it sees more rain in the border. Winter sets in from November end and lasts until March; the frosty weather sets throughout much of the country. The snowfall is common above 3,000 meters elevations. The name – Drukyul or Land of the Thunder Dragon is earned because the northeast monsoon brings gale-force winds at the highest altitudes in high mountain passes. The suitable time to enjoy your visit to Bhutan is the fall season with pleasant weather, the temperature ranges between 15 and 30 degree Celsius. High mountains in the north are covered with snows throughout the year which is more than 6000m above sea level. Most of the trekking passes are blocked in the winters because of snows. Nevertheless, the trekking and camping are pleasant in the spring and fall in the northern and central region.
Winter remains frosted in most of the places with heavy snowfalls in the northern regions of Bumthang, Gasa lhuntse etc. Thimphu receives few centimeters of snowfall every year with dry winter months starting from December until February. Until March there is no rainfall in Thimphu but annually nearly 650 millimeters of rainfall is recorded. The month of August the will get average of 20 millimeters rain and annually the country gets 220 millimeters in the heavy monsoon year. Yearly precipitation is not similar in all the districts of the country. Towards the northern region bordering Tibet gets close to 40 millimeters of rainfall in a year, mostly becoming snow.
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Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west and south...Read More