Bhutan is a small landlocked country, with a size of 38394 square km. it is surrounded by India in the East, West and South. Towards the North, it borders to Tibet (china). Bhutan has various types of vegetation, starting from the Indian plains to Tibetan Plateau. The northern parts of the country have High snow-capped mountains with lush green pine forest and meadows, fast flowing river fed by glaciers.
Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons that bring about 60% to 90% of the region's rainfall. The climate is humid and subtropical in the southern plains and foothills. In the inner Himalayan valleys of central regions the climate is temperate and cold in the north, with year-round snow on the main Himalayan summits.
Bhutan has wide range of climatic vegetation’s starting from tropical to sub-alpine. Towards the south, the temperatures are humid with heavy rainfall in the summer and moderate and pleasant in the winter season .Green vegetation to the southern foothill. Bhutan has all range of vegetation from tropical to alpine. Yellow hues of patchy rice field on the terraced hills are beauty of the country. Southern Bhutan has a hot, humid sub-tropical climate that is fairly unchanging throughout the year. Temperatures can vary between 15-30 degrees Celsius. In the Central parts of the country the climate cools a bit, changing to temperate and deciduous forests with warm summers and cool, dry winters. In the far Northern reaches of the kingdom the weather is cold during winter. Mountain peaks are perpetually covered in snow and lower parts are still cool in summer owing to the high altitude terrain.
The Indian summer monsoon lasts from late June through late September and is mostly confined to the southern border region of Bhutan. It brings heavy rain and high humidity, to the southern region. Monsoons from Bay of Bengal blow from the south to the mountains forming barriers lasting from mid-June till early September. According to the Bhutanese aspect, 23rd September is celebrated as the Blessed Rainy Day, the day which is the end of heavy showers and marks the beginning of autumn. The Temperature gradually falls in the autumn lasting till November. In the temperate central regions, a yearly average of around 1,000 millimetres is more common. In the humid, subtropical south, an average of 7,800 millimetres per year has been registered at some locations ensuring the thick tropical forest, or savannah.. Bhutan's generally dry Spring with beautiful blossoms starts in early March and lasts until mid-April. while the temperature range from 15 to 25 degree Celsius. Spring season is always pleasant in the central and western parts of Bhutan but hotter in the southern region. It is the time of the year for fresh flowers blooming everywhere. Peach and apple trees blooming in the valleys bring extra glory to the beauty of nature.
The heavier summer rains last from late June through late September which are more monsoonal along the southwest border. Winter sets in from late November until March with frost throughout much of the country and snowfall common above elevations of 3,000 meters. The winter northeast monsoon brings gale-force winds at the highest altitudes through high mountain passes, giving Bhutan its name - Drukyul, which in the Dzongkha language mean Land of the Thunder Dragon. The best time to visit Bhutan is the fall season with pleasant weather, with the temperature ranging between 15 and 30 degree Celsius. High mountains in the north are covered with snows throughout the year which are more than 6000m above sea level. Most of the trekking passes are blocked in the winters because of snows. Nevertheless, the trekking is pleasant in the spring and fall in the northern region, simple winter trekking in the central region.
Winter remains frosted in most of the places with heavy snow falls in the northern regions of Bumthang , Gasa lhuntse etc. The capital city Thimphu receives few centimetres of snowfall every year with dry winter months starting from December until February. Until March there is almost no precipitation in Thimphu. A total annual rainfall of nearly 650 millimetres is recorded in the month of august when rainfall averages 20 millimetres a month and increases steadily thereafter to a high of 220 millimetres.
Annual precipitation ranges widely in various parts of the country. In the northern border region to Tibet gets about forty millimetres of precipitation a year which is primarily snow. In the severe climate of the north, there is only about 40 millimetres of annual precipitation which is primarily snow.
Bhutan is also known to the outside world as the “Land of the thunder Dragon” or the “last Shangri-La”. Bhutan was under isolation until the 1960s ...Read More
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Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons...Read More
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Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west and south...Read More