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Bhutan National Geography | About Bhutan | Bhutanitis Travel


Bhutan Natural Geography.

Bhutan is a small landlocked country, with a size of 38394 square km. it is surrounded by India in the East, West, and South. Towards the North, it borders to Tibet (China). Bhutan has various types of vegetation, starting from the Indian plains to Tibetan Plateau. The northern parts of the country have High snow-capped mountains with lush green pine forest and meadows, fast flowing river fed by glaciers.

Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west, and south. There are approximately 659 kilometers of national border territory with the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, and Sikkim. Towards the north, Bhutan shares its border with the People’s Republic of China with approximately 477 kilometers of national border territory.

The north of the country is dominated by high peaks covered with snow. Mountain peaks in this Himalayan range can easily reach up to 7,300 meters above the sea. The highest peak in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum, which boasts of being the highest unclimbed mountain in the world, at 7,570 meters above sea level. The Weather is extreme in the mountains and most of the mountain peaks are hid with snow all year long. The lesser mountains and hewn gorges have high winds all year round, making them barren brown wind tunnels in summer, and frozen wastelands in winter. The blizzards generated in the north each winter often drifts southward into the central highlands.

Bhutan Natural Geography
Trail of Snowman Trek in the Nothern Bhutan

Below the frozen Himalayan mountain range lays the Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows. It contains a wide variety of medicinal and herbaceous plants in additions to grasslands. An excellent collection of rare flowers such as rhododendron is also available. The highlands are the most populous part of the nation. The capital city Thimphu lies in the western region. The region is described by its many rivers that form the branches of the vast Brahmaputra river. It is a busy city bustling with trade and commerce housing about 12% of total population. The highlands have Himalayan subalpine conifer forests and broadleaf forests at lower elevations. Winters are cold, and summers are hot. The rainy season is accompanied by frequented landslides. Temperatures vary according to elevation. Temperatures in Thimphu, located at 2,200 meters above sea level in west-central Bhutan, range from approximately 15° C to 26° C during the monsoon season of June through September but drop to between about -4° C and 16° C in January. Most of the central area of the country experiences a cool, temperate climate year-round. The southern region experiences hot, humid climate maintaining the fairly even temperature of between 15° C to 30° C throughout the year, rarely reaching 40° C in the valleys during the summer.

The valleys of Bhutan are linked by a series of passes ("La" in Dzongkha). The highest pass in Bhutan is the Chele La pass at an altitude of 3,780 meters that separates the Haa valley and Paro Valley. Next highest pass is the Dochu La at an altitude of 3,116 meters, which separates the valley of Thimphu and Punakha. Dochula will give you a panoramic view of the Himalayan range. East of Wangdue Phodrang as you enter into Bumthang Dzongkhag you will cross the Pele La pass at an altitude of 3,390 meters above sea level that separates the Bumthang valley with Wangdue Phodrang. When Heading towards the east via the main highway, major passes like Kori La, Thrumshing La, Wangthang La, Shertang La, and Yotang La.

The extreme southern strip of the nation consists mostly of Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests that open into the tropical plains of India. The southern region mostly grows rice. Bhutan has only 2% of arable land and most of it is in and around this region. The low-lying plains of the south are warm and humid with the highest amount of precipitation in summer. Savannah Grasslands are a unique feature of this region. Bhutan is one of the last remaining hotspots in the world. Bhutan has a pristine natural heritage and diversity in wildlife. Extreme topography, Centuries of isolationism, and a small population are some of the factors that have contributed to Bhutan maintaining one of the most intact ecosystems in the world. The country ranks amongst the top ten countries in the world in terms of species density. Over fifty-five hundred varieties of plant life exist, including around three-hundred medicinal ones. More than 770 species of avifauna and more than 165 species of mammals are known to exist in the country including many rare and endangered species like the Red Panda, Snow Leopard, and Golden Langur.

Physically, the country can be divided into three zones:

  1. Alpine Zone (4000m and above) with no forest cover;
  2. Temperate Zone (2000 to 4000m) with conifer or broadleaf forests;
  3. Subtropical Zone (150m to 2000m) with Tropical or Subtropical vegetation.

For centuries, Bhutanese have treasured the natural environment and have looked upon it as the source of all life. This traditional reverence for nature has delivered Bhutan into the 20th century with Its environment still richly intact. Bhutan continues to protect and live in amity with nature and pass on it’s rich heritage to its future generations. Bhutan not only boasts of being carbon neutral but it is the only country in the world to be carbon negative. The country planted 108000 saplings of trees to celebrate the birth of the crown prince. Unlike in any other countries, Bhutanese development philosophy is based on Gross National Happiness rather than Gross National Product. This initiative was started by the fourth monarch of the country. One of the reasons why Bhutan is regarded as the happiest country around the planet. This fragile ecosystem has remained unspoiled due to the conservation efforts of the Bhutanese people and government.

About Bhutan

Informations About Bhutan, Know About Bhutan Before You Travel To Bhutan.
History of Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutan is also known to the outside world as the “Land of the thunder Dragon” or the “last Shangri-La”. Bhutan was under isolation until...

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People in Bhutan, About Bhutan


The estimated population of the country is 7,50,000 with the growth rate of 3.1% per year. Bhutanese economy is agrarian and almost 65%...

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Bhutan Culture & Heritage, About Bhutan


Culture is strongly integrated into the lives of Bhutanese people and are directly associated with religion. Culture in Bhutan is displayed ...

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Bhutan Flora & Fauna, About Bhutan


The type of forest found in Bhutan are Upland Hardwood Forest ,Lowland Hardwood Forest, and Tropical Lowland which are a collection...

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Bhutan Arts & Crafts, About Bhutan


Bhutanese art is religiously inspired and is mainly influenced by Tibetan Buddhist art Bhutanese have practised it for centuries and developed...

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Religion in Bhutan, About Bhutan


The state religion of Bhutan is Buddhism. Approximately 75% of the total populations in Bhutan are followers of Buddhism. Bhutan is...

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Foods in Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutanese cuisine is mostly made out of meat items and more importantly chillies. Chillies are an essential part of nearly every dish and are considered...

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Climate in Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons...

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Bhutan Government System, About Bhutan


Until the beginning of 20th century, Bhutan was ruled by the dual system of administration known as "chhosi" system. The chhosi system...

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Economy in Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutan small population of just 774794 and the economy of the country is also very small. However, the per capita income stands at 2611 USD...

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Gross National Happiness, About Bhutan


Bhutan is popular today, for being the happiest country in the planet. The concept of Gross happiness is much talked about in the country...

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Bhutan Natural Geography, About Bhutan


Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west and south...

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