The state religion of Bhutan is Buddhism. Approximately 75% of the total populations in Bhutan are followers of Buddhism. Bhutan is also referred as the last stronghold of Vajrayana Buddhism. Bhutan is the only country in the world following Mahayana Buddhism in the form of Vajrayana, tantric Buddhism .
According to the historical events, Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan since the 2nd century. Although , Many saints from India and Nepal meditated in various caves in Bhutan but Buddhism was never flourished in the country. Later in 7th century, great Tibetan religious King, Songtsen Gempo built two Buddhist temples in Bhutan such as Kyichu Lhakhang in Paro and Jampa Lhakhang in Bumthang. The credit of introducing Buddhism in Bhutan goes to Guru Rinpoche, a great Tibetan master who visited Bhutan from Tibet in the 8th century. Until then the Bhutanese people practiced Bonism, a religion that includes worshipping of all forms of nature. Remnants of Bonism are visible even today in some remote villages of Bhutan.
With the visit of Guru Padmasambhava, Buddhism began to take firm roots within the country and this especially led to the propagation of the Nyingmapa school of Buddhism in Bhutan. Besides guru padmasambhava there were other Tibetan masters who also propagated Buddhism in Bhutan. Phajo Drugom Zhigpo from Ralung in Tibet was instrumental in introducing yet another school of Buddhism – the Drukpa Kagyu sect. He came to Bhutan in 1222. His arrival in Bhutan holds great historical significance and a major milestone for Buddhism in Bhutan. He established the Drukpa Kagyi sect of Buddhism, the state religion. His sons and descendants were also instrumental in spreading it to many other regions of`western`Bhutan.
Another master who was so prominent and By far the greatest contributor in the spread of Buddhism was Zhabdrung Nawang Namgyal. He arrived in Bhutan from Tibet in 1616 and was another landmark event in the history of the nation. He brought the various Buddhist schools that had developed in western Bhutan under his domain. He is famously known as the unifier of Bhutan since he unified the country into one nation-state, giving its people their distinct identity as “Bhutanese”. Perhaps the most important single factor in the molding of Bhutanese personality and thought has been the teaching of Lord Buddha. Bhutanese people are humble and down to earth who believe in living in peace and harmony with nature. Some of the sights that u will be welcomed with while you are in Bhutan are the majestic dzongs sitting on hilltops adorned with beautiful Bhutanese designs surrounded by prayer flags, monks circumambulating the stupas, and chanting mantras. Happy and humble people to greet you “ kuzuzangpo la”.
Hinduism Hindus, mainly in the South, practice Hinduism .The very first Hindu temple was constructed in Thimphu in 2012 by His Holiness The Je Khenpo, Chief Abbot of Bhutan. Hindus practice their religion in small to medium-sized groups. Hinduism is more common among the Lhotshampa ethnic group, although a fair amount of ethnic Lhotshampa also follow Buddhism as well Approximately 23% of the population is Hindu. There is a small Muslim population in Bhutan, covering 0.2% of the whole country's population. Overall, 75% of the population is Buddhist, and 0.4% other religions. Christians are present in small numbers, especially in the Nepalese ethnic group. According to a 2007 report there were no Christian missionaries in the country. International Christian relief organizations and Roman Catholic Jesuit priests engaged in education and humanitarian activities. Christianity was first brought to Bhutan in the late 17th century by Portuguese Jesuits.
ANIMISM Though Bhutan is often referred to as the last Vajrayana Buddhist country, you can still come across animistic traditions and beliefs being practiced by the people. The form of Buddhism practiced in Bhutan has absorbed many of the features of Bonism such as nature worship and animal sacrifice. Also, worship of a host of deities, invoking and propitiating them. According to Bonism, these deities were the rightful owners of different elements of nature. Each different facet of nature was associated with its own specific type of spirit. Although Buddhist practices does not include worship of animals or nature, people in Bhutan still worship a variety of animals and nature. For example, Bhutanese worship the diety/goddess jomo who is believed to reside in mt jomolhari. Water bodies such as lakes and rivers are also considered sacred and a variety of mythical creatures such as the mermaids, snakes etc are also worshipped, not to mention the chief guardian of the kingdom which is the dragon. These shamanistic rituals are performed for various reasons ranging from to keep evil spirits at bay, bring in prosperity, to cure a patient or to welcome a new year. A common feature in all of these rituals is the sacrifice of animals like oxen, fish, a chickens or goats.
Bhutan is also known to the outside world as the “Land of the thunder Dragon” or the “last Shangri-La”. Bhutan was under isolation until the 1960s ...Read More
The estimated population of the country is 7, 50,000 with the growth rate of 3.1% per year. Bhutanese economy is agrarian and almost 65% of the total...Read More
Culture is strongly integrated into the lives of Bhutanese people and are directly associated with religion. Culture in Bhutan is displayed in attire...Read More
The type of forest found in Bhutan are Upland Hardwood Forest ,Lowland Hardwood Forest, and Tropical Lowland which are a collection...Read More
Bhutanese art is religiously inspired and is mainly influenced by Tibetan Buddhist art Bhutanese have practised it for centuries and developed...Read More
The state religion of Bhutan is Buddhism. Approximately 75% of the total populations in Bhutan are followers of Buddhism. Bhutan is...Read More
Bhutanese cuisine is mostly made out of meat items and more importantly chillies. Chillies are an essential part of nearly every dish and are considered...Read More
Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons...Read More
Until the beginning of 20th century, Bhutan was ruled by the dual system of administration known as "chhosi" system. The chhosi system was initiated...Read More
Bhutan small population of just 774794 and the economy of the country is also very small. However, the per capita income stands at 2611 USD. As of 2012...Read More
Bhutan is popular today, for being the happiest country in the planet. The concept of Gross happiness is much talked about in the country...Read More
Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west and south...Read More