Traditional Chinses Language Option KoreanLanguage Option Thai Language Option Dutch Language Option Finnish Language Option Swedish Language Option Danish Language Option Polish Language Option Portuguese Language Option Irish Language Arabic Language Option
History of Bhutan | About Bhutan | Bhutanitis Travels


History of Bhutan

Bhutan is also known to the world as the “Land of the Thunder Dragon” or the “last Shangri-La”. Bhutan was in isolation until the 1960s. Gradually the country introduced to outside world after the start of the tourism in 1974.

Bhutan was ruled by the Wangchuk Dynasty since the establishment of Monarchy in 17th December of 1907. In 2008, the fourth King of Bhutan king Jigme Singye Wangchuk introduced democracy in the Nation. He also introduced a concept of Gross National Happiness (GNH). Since then, Gross National Happiness is given more importance than Gross Domestic Product in Bhutan and now the philosophy is slowly traveling to the west. The objective of the philosophy is to have a wholesome impact on the growth of economy upon every citizen.

History of Bhutan
His Majesty Ugyen Wangchuk, The first king of Bhutan with his personal body guard

Archaeological studies indicate that Bhutan was inhabited as early as 2000 BC, however, there is no factual data to prove any prehistoric evidence. Before the advent of Buddhism in Bhutan, people used to follow the Bon religion. Bon religion includes worshipping of the natural elements and offering of animals to the local deities. Only after the arrival of Guru Rinpoche (the Precious Master) in the 8th century, the Seed of Buddhism was sown. People lifted out of darkness to find the truth of death and life by embracing the wisdom taught by Buddha. Guru Rinpoche introduced Buddhism in Bhutan and it was flourished by a king named “Sindu Raja”. Guru Rinpoche treated the king out of a grave illness and once he was recovered he embraced Buddhism and became a devout follower. Under his patronage, many Buddhist monasteries were built and Buddhism flourished in Bhutan like never before.

Thereafter, many religious figures mainly from Tibet visited Bhutan and settled down. Bhutan was controlled by many feudal lords until the 17th century. In 1616AD, Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal came to Bhutan and unified the country. He was a secular and spiritual leader who brought Bhutan under one single umbrella. He is known even today as the Great Architect of the 17th century credited with building almost all the Dzongs (fortresses) in Bhutan. These Dzongs still stand today accommodating both administrative and monastic body in every dzongkhag(district).

Even after unification, Bhutan was not stable. Early 20th century marked the dawn of new era of stability and modernization with Ugyen Wangchuk being the first Monarch of Bhutan. Entry into Bhutan was either through the thick dense forest in the south or through snow-capped mountains in the Himalayan range in the north. Bhutan remained disconnected from the world for a very long time, due to the policy of isolation implemented by the second monarch king Jigme Wangchuk. The age-old policy of isolation came to an end when Bhutan joined the United Nations Organization in the 1960s, opening the door to modernization for the very first time. Modernization was the key step then. The building of roads, telecommunication, education, medical facilities was done in the country.

About Bhutan

Informations About Bhutan, Know About Bhutan Before You Travel To Bhutan.
History of Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutan is also known to the outside world as the “Land of the thunder Dragon” or the “last Shangri-La”. Bhutan was under isolation until...

Read More
People in Bhutan, About Bhutan


The estimated population of the country is 7,50,000 with the growth rate of 3.1% per year. Bhutanese economy is agrarian and almost 65%...

Read More
Bhutan Culture & Heritage, About Bhutan


Culture is strongly integrated into the lives of Bhutanese people and are directly associated with religion. Culture in Bhutan is displayed ...

Read More
Bhutan Flora & Fauna, About Bhutan


The type of forest found in Bhutan are Upland Hardwood Forest ,Lowland Hardwood Forest, and Tropical Lowland which are a collection...

Read More
Bhutan Arts & Crafts, About Bhutan


Bhutanese art is religiously inspired and is mainly influenced by Tibetan Buddhist art Bhutanese have practised it for centuries and developed...

Read More
Religion in Bhutan, About Bhutan


The state religion of Bhutan is Buddhism. Approximately 75% of the total populations in Bhutan are followers of Buddhism. Bhutan is...

Read More
Foods in Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutanese cuisine is mostly made out of meat items and more importantly chillies. Chillies are an essential part of nearly every dish and are considered...

Read More
Climate in Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like most of Asia it is affected by monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by monsoons...

Read More
Bhutan Government System, About Bhutan


Until the beginning of 20th century, Bhutan was ruled by the dual system of administration known as "chhosi" system. The chhosi system...

Read More
Economy in Bhutan, About Bhutan


Bhutan small population of just 774794 and the economy of the country is also very small. However, the per capita income stands at 2611 USD...

Read More
Gross National Happiness, About Bhutan


Bhutan is popular today, for being the happiest country in the planet. The concept of Gross happiness is much talked about in the country...

Read More
Bhutan Natural Geography, About Bhutan


Bhutan is a landlocked country situated in the Himalayas. Bhutan shares its borders with The Republic of India in the east, west and south...

Read More